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Inside Internal Controls

News and discussion on implementing risk management

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corporations

Business tax information just got clearer!

The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) has announced that it has redesigned the correspondence it sends to Corporations regarding their business tax information, including individual Canadians, and Goods and services tax/harmonized sales tax (GST/HST) notices of assessment (NOA) and notices of reassessment (NOR). The CRA has made changes to how the notices are structured, designed, formatted, and written, making the information easier to read and understand.

 

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Ontario Not-for-profit Corporations Act: Two steps forward, one step back

The Ontario election called for June 12th has delayed proclamation of the Ontario Not-for-profit Corporations Act, 2010 (ONCA) yet again.

 

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Tick Tock: It’s time to continue under the Canada Not-for-Profit Corporations Act

According to data obtained from Corporations Canada, as of September 1st, only 1,663 out of approximately 25,000 corporations have made the corporate changeover to the Canada Not-for-Profit Corporations Act . Recognizing that many of these corporations are inactive, that still leaves thousands of corporations to continue by the October 17, 2014 deadline.

 

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Credit-proofing charity assets

Most charities and not-for-profit organizations are incorporated as non share capital corporations. These corporations are considered separate legal entities from their members or directors. This ‘separateness’ protects the members (and to a large extent directors) from being personally liable in the event the organization finds itself liable for damages as a result of a court finding.

 

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A fiduciary obligation does not (necessarily) a fiduciary make

Regular readers may recall the article we wrote on the topic of officer liability. There we commented on circumstances in which officers of corporations under the Canada Not-for-profit Corporations Act (CNCA) (whether continued to it or incorporated there) will be exposed to personal liability. Not long after that piece was written, an Executive Director of a corporation considering continuing to the CNCA who is an employee and not an officer in accordance with the corporation’s by-laws, asked us if she would owe a fiduciary duty to the corporation under the CNCA. On reflection, we concluded that the new officer provisions in the CNCA create a statutory framework wherein employees could be held liable for a breach of the same duties that are applicable to directors of those corporations. We left, for the moment, the question as to whether these duties were “fiduciary” or not.

 

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Why every charity should consider incorporation

Before a group can be registered as a charity, there has to actually be some legal thing to register. This means that every charity faces the choice of which legal structure to use. A charity can be constituted as a trust, an unincorporated association, or a corporation.

 

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