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Inside Internal Controls

News and discussion on implementing risk management

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The future of securities regulation of distributed ledger technologies

The following discussion provides a general description of blockchain and distributed ledger technologies (DLT) and the current state of the regulatory landscape in Ontario. To date, the Ontario Securities Commission has not explicitly categorized a blockchain token or coin (which are further discussed below) as an investment contract or other type of security under section […]


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Blockchain and privacy: Transparency and innovation pose challenges for data protection

A blockchain is a peer network of nodes that use a distributed ledger that can be used to track transactions involving value including money, votes, property, etc. The most well-known application of blockchain technology is bitcoin. Transactions on a blockchain are not regulated by any central counterparty: the individuals involved in a given transaction provide their information (including personal information), a record is created that can be verified by nodes in the network. In this sense, the users forming the community act as their own regulators.


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Ransomware threat to Canadian businesses broadens

Recent hacker attacks — including the first successful attack on an Apple computer, and several attacks on U.S. and Canadian hospitals — have reminded Canadian businesses of the need to be vigilant about the danger posed by ransomware.


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