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Inside Internal Controls

News and discussion on implementing risk management

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Ontario Court of Appeal clarifies test under “anti-SLAPP” legislation

Ontario’s anti-SLAPP legislation seeks to provide an appropriate balance between freedom of expression and the right to be able to defend and protect one’s reputation.

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Talking about inherent and residual risk

Are organizations unnecessarily risk averse? That can be crippling in many ways, including slowing agility and decision-making as well as failing to take advantage of opportunities.

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Canadian developments in digital identity

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Digital identity is increasingly becoming a hot topic globally and Canada is no exception. For example, amendments to the Bank Act (and equivalent legislation in respect of federal insurance companies and federal loan and trust companies) have recently been introduced permitting federally regulated financial institutions to provide “identification, authentication or verification services”.

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The “Weinstein Clause” may mark a new era of social due diligence

To gauge the civility of an organization’s culture, adequate policies and training are not enough. The behavior and accountability of top leadership play a key role. You can’t delegate ethics. And it seems the “Weinstein Clause” indicates that boards are finally beginning to understand that.

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What you need to know about the July 2018 amendments to the Ontario Construction Lien Act

On July 1, 2018, the first round of amendments to the Ontario Construction Lien Act – including its new name, the Construction Act – came into force.

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The Crown pierces the corporate veil: Court imposes liability on individual for fines imposed against a corporate defendant

An Ontario Court has revolutionized the law with respect to whether an individual can be held personally liable for fines imposed against the corporation for breaches of regulatory legislation.

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New information about cyber risk is alarming

According to the 2018 Sentinel One Global Ransomware Report, it appears that the frequency of attacks are surprisingly high, but the extent of damage is surprisingly low.

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Canada takes next steps towards implementing the MLI

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The objective of the MLI is to implement measures to counter base erosion and profit shifting (“BEPS “) without requiring each party to a bilateral tax treaty to enter into a bilateral negotiation process.

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No good deed goes unpunished

Fundamentally, charities are actors in society as are any others. We all have a duty of care to some degree to our neighbors. Indeed, generally the closer the relationship the higher the standard of care one expects. Consequently, charities need to be aware that even in the pursuit of charitable activities, they could be liable if their activities do not take into account the safety and the potential damage of their actions to either their beneficiaries or to their patron donors.

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CASL enforcement: Recent trend

It can be relatively difficult to read the tea leaves in the CRTC’s approach to CASL enforcement, because there is little public record of those enforcement activities. This was noted by the Standing Committee on Industry, Science and Technology, in its statutory review of the Act. However, what signs do exist suggest that enforcement activities are accelerating. In 2016 and 2017, the CRTC announced only one undertaking in a CASL proceeding. By contrast, in the first quarter of 2018, there have already been two.

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Cannabis regulations: Health Canada’s solution to support the Cannabis Act

The Cannabis Act will provide a comprehensive national framework for restricted access to regulated cannabis and control its production, distribution, sale, importation, exportation and possession. Within that framework, new sets of regulations were published on July 11, 2018, that spell out the rules and standards for authorized cannabis production, distribution, sale, importation and exportation among other things.

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The most important question is WHY

Too often, people do things without asking themselves why they are doing them. It may be because that is what they have always done, what somebody told them to do, or because they read about it in a book or standard.

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Ontario court strikes down limits on non-partisan political advocacy by charities

An Ontario court decision rendered on July 16th may completely change the rules about political advocacy by Canadian charities. The decision struck down the law limiting a charity’s non-partisan political activities. This affects every Canadian charity hoping to get public support for policies relevant to its charitable purposes and activities.

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Overarching limit on the collection, use and disclosure of personal information

A key takeaway for organizations is that it is not enough to comply with other provisions in PIPEDA, for example, obtaining meaningful consent. Organizations must still show that their purposes for collecting, using or disclosing personal information are those that a reasonable person would consider appropriate in the circumstances.

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Wade-ing into the limits on post-contractual conduct: BC Court of Appeal confirms post-contractual conduct may be considered only if contract contains ambiguity

Attempts by litigants to rely on post-contractual conduct are not uncommon in commercial litigation involving contractual interpretation. However, in the case of Wade v. Duck, an important reminder is offered that Canadian contract law places strict limits on the circumstances in which courts may have recourse to post-contractual conduct when interpreting a contract.

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