First Reference company logo

Inside Internal Controls

News and discussion on implementing risk management

machine cogs image

Uncategorized

Conference update: Virtual currency exchanges, beneficial ownership and other developments in Canadian anti-money laundering regulations

anti-money laundering

On February 7, 2018, the Canadian federal government had released a consultation paper for comments that has potentially far-reaching implications for compliance with Canadian anti-money laundering (AML) requirements. At the recently concluded 17th Annual Forum on Anti-Money Laundering & Financial Crime in Toronto, some interesting observations were made by various speakers (including representatives from certain Canadian regulators). A number of these observations touched on topics covered by the above-mentioned consultation paper. This article sets out some key highlights.

 

, , , , , , ,

Improve internal controls over fixed assets (Part 2)

A failure to satisfy proper cut-off, completeness, existence, accuracy and ownership are common problems arising from weak or non-existent fixed asset policies. The overarching approach to satisfying these issues is to design and implement internal controls in proper policies and procedures.

 

, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Drafting interest rate calculation provisions in corporate finance transactions

If a loan document does not comply with the provision for calculating a “nominal” annual rate of interest in order to comply with section 4 of the Interest Act, then the interest rate is capped at 5% per annum. Commercial practice and appellate jurisprudence had confirmed that such provisions complied with section 4. Section 4 states:

 

, , , , , , ,

Employee forfeits $115,000.00 in bonuses by resigning; active employment clause valid

A bonus policy may state that employees who are eligible for bonuses must also be actively employed to receive their bonus payments. That is, employers may institute an “active employment clause”. Courts will uphold valid active employment clauses, as demonstrated by Bois v. MD Physician Services Inc., 2017 ONCA 857 (CanLII). MD Physician Services Inc. […]

 

, , , , , ,

Mitigate the risks associated with IT systems acquisition

Any organization which acquires IT systems must do so carefully. Among other reasons, systems may be costly, they may be critical to business operations, and they may create significant risks (for example a risk of security breaches). The following suggestions will help to mitigate some of the risks associated with IT systems acquisition:

 

, , , , , , , , , , ,

Three cybersecurity trends driving the Bank of Canada’s call for cybersecurity to be treated as a ‘public good’

As the level and sophistication of cyber-attacks continue to grow, there will be a mounting pressure on regulators to continue to develop coordinated, meaningful, mandatory minimum standards that are enforceable against all financial institutions and FMIs as well as their service providers.

 

, , , , , ,

Major changes to Canada’s export and technology transfer controls coming into force shortly

The Government of Canada has announced that a new version of the Guide to Canada’s Export Controls (the “Guide”) will come into effect on August 11, 2017. The Guide lists the goods and technology subject to export and technology transfer controls.

 

, , , , , , , ,

OSFI issues advisory on use of words “bank”, “banker”, “banking”

On June 30, 2017, the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions (“OSFI”) issued Advisory 2017-01 (the “Advisory”) providing additional guidance on its interpretation of the limitations in the Bank Act (Canada) (the “Bank Act”) on the uses of the words “bank”, “banker” and “banking” and related exceptions.

 

, , ,

Explaining risk management in plain English

I have been saying for a while that one of the reasons for the disconnect between senior executives and risk practitioners is the latter’s language.

 

, , ,