First Reference company logo

Inside Internal Controls

News and discussion on implementing risk management

machine cogs image

Privacy Compliance and Management

Is there a duty of device security? U.S. regulator fires warning shot over obligations of IoT manufacturers

A complaint filed by the U.S. Federal Trade Commission against D-Link Corporation, a Taiwanese computer networking equipment manufacturer, and its U.S. subsidiary, is raising questions about the extent of responsibility that networking equipment manufacturers may have for the security of their products, and how much of that responsibility rests with consumers and end users.

 

, , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Privacy law: The Supreme Court of Canada’s Royal Bank of Canada v. Trang

The Supreme Court of Canada released a landmark decision giving important guidance on when personal financial information may be disclosed under Canada’s federal privacy law, the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act.

 

, , , , , ,

Guidelines on the National Security Review of Investments

With the highly anticipated release of its Guidelines on the National Security Review of Investments, the Canadian government has finally shed some light on circumstances which may draw investors and parties involved in the investment into the realm of a national security review.

 

, , , , , , , , ,

How much cyber risk should an organization take?

I did a video with Joe McCafferty of MISTI last month. I am interested in whether you share my views. I also have some questions for you—after you watch the video.

 

, , , , , , , ,

Biometric data: What if you “lost” your fingerprint?

Biometric authentication is becoming increasingly common. Smartphones and computers use it, banks have started to use it, and recently MasterCard began rolling out “selfie pay” allowing users to authenticate online payments by using their face at the point of sale. Biometric authentication refers to the validation of a user’s identity by measuring physical or behavioral characteristics. Biometric samples may include fingerprints, retinal scans, palm scans, face and voice recognition.

 

, , , , , , ,

Blockchain and privacy: Transparency and innovation pose challenges for data protection

A blockchain is a peer network of nodes that use a distributed ledger that can be used to track transactions involving value including money, votes, property, etc. The most well-known application of blockchain technology is bitcoin. Transactions on a blockchain are not regulated by any central counterparty: the individuals involved in a given transaction provide their information (including personal information), a record is created that can be verified by nodes in the network. In this sense, the users forming the community act as their own regulators.

 

, , , ,

Why do so many practitioners misunderstand risk?

My apologies in advance to all those who talk about third–party risk, IT risk, cyber risk, and so on. We don’t, or shouldn’t, address risk for its own sake. That’s what we are doing when we talk about these risk silos. We should address risk because of its potential effect on the achievement of enterprise objectives.

 

, , ,

Copyright year in review 2016

This article highlights noteworthy Canadian copyright law decisions and developments from 2016.

 

, , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Selecting software to help manage user access risk

I believe software is essential in managing user access risk, not only for SOX but also for other business risks. In fact, the potential harm from inappropriate access is typically greater for other business risk (such as the possibility of disruption of activities such as revenue generation or manufacturing, reputation risk, and the protection of valuable intellectual property) than it is for SOX.

 

, , , ,

Adequacy of Canadian privacy law

Potential amendments could mean Canadian businesses receiving personal information from Europe will have more exposure to the differences in the data protection laws and enforcement regimes in the EU member states.

 

, , , , , ,

Not–for–profits and charities: 4 New Year’s resolutions

Many people feel that New Year’s resolutions are passé, particularly since so many resolutions go unachieved each year. But, a resolution is essentially a plan to tackle something of importance, and planning is often half the battle. The following are 4 resolutions that can help strengthen charities and other not–for–profits in 2017.

 

, , , , ,

CASL and private right of action

Canada has the most onerous anti–spam/anti–malware law (CASL) in the world. In less than a year, July 1, 2017, it is going to become even worse. That’s when the private right of action comes into force.

 

, , , , , , , , , , ,

Top 10 most read Inside Internal Controls posts 2016 & Season’s Greetings

We are signing off with a list of the top 10 most read Inside Internal Controls posts 2016. Privacy issues and director’s liability seem to have been hot topics this year with several blog posts on the topics making it on the list. The top 10 most read Inside Internal Controls posts 2016 Director’s liability […]

 

, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Previous Posts