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Income Tax Planning / Tax Schedules / Remittances

Supreme Court confirms in R. v. Comeau that provinces can restrict interprovincial trade in beer and other goods

On October 6, 2012, New Brunswick resident Gerard Comeau was stopped by the RCMP at the Quebec/New Brunswick border with 354 bottles or cans of beer and two bottles of whiskey. Mr. Comeau stood accused, under section 134(b) of the Liquor Control Act (New Brunswick), of having in his possession an excessive amount of liquor not purchased from the New Brunswick Liquor Corporation (the “Corporation”). Mr. Comeau challenged the constitutionality of this statutory provision by invoking section 121 of the Constitution Act, 1867.

 

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Changes to the Canada Pension Plan

It is important for employers, sooner rather than later, to start thinking about whether any changes need to be made to payroll costs in order to address the costs of an expanded CPP and whether amendments to pension and benefits plans will be required to accommodate the more generous CPP benefit.

 

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Senate of Canada to study charitable sector

On January 30th, 2018, the Senate of Canada passed a motion to appoint a Special Committee of the Senate to review issues related to the charitable sector in Canada. The Senate confirmed that the Committee’s general mandate will be to examine “the impact of federal and provincial laws governing charities, non-profit organizations, foundations, and other similar groups, and to examine the impact of the voluntary sector in Canada.”

 

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Directors’ liability for source deductions

An issue came up when a CRA auditor queried CRA rulings. She had a file where she intended to assess the directors of a not-for-profit corporation for its failure to remit trust funds. The directors had retained legal counsel, who was of the view that directors’ liability does not apply to directors of a not-for-profit corporation.

 

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2018 Federal Budget proposals target private corporations earning investment income

As a consequence of the public’s concern with the overall thrust of the government’s tax law amendments, the 2018 Budget issued on February 27, 2018 has largely eliminated the implementation of the July 2017 proposals. Instead the 2018 Budget contains two specific measures to address the government’s concern with the tax deferral related to investment income in a private corporation.

 

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Tax court addresses clergy residence deduction for religious teachers

The clergy residence deduction provides for a limited deduction for housing provided to a member of the clergy or supplied by a member of the clergy. It is a deduction that has existed for a long time and seems to have been designed to address the situation of a member of the clergy who is provided with a manse by a local congregation, but who may be expected to use the house in the course of clergy duties.

 

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Charities can now help businesses in the aftermath of disasters

aftermath of disasters

In August 2017, the Canada Revenue Agency (“CRA”) updated its Guidance CG-014 on community economic development (“CED”) activities and charitable registration. There were a number of updates to the Guidance, but the most significant was the inclusion of the statement that charities are now able to support, on a more long-term basis, the efforts of businesses that are helping to rebuild communities affected by disaster.

 

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Proposed foreign merger rollovers rules: Welcome news to foreign companies that cannot rely on existing tax treaty rollover provisions

On October 27, 2017, under Bill C-63, the Department of Finance released proposed amendments to the Income Tax Act (Canada) (“ITA”) introducing a new elective rule allowing non-residents tax-deferred rollover treatment on dispositions of certain taxable Canadian property (“TCP”) in a foreign merger.

 

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It’s giving season: Tax credits for charitable donations vs. political contributions

With the holiday season upon us, many Canadians are turning their minds to both good-will and the end of the tax year. The next time you reach for your wallet to make a donation or contribution, think back on this summary of the differences between the two and reflect on what the tax implications will be.

 

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Social impact bonds – investing in communities

Social Impact Bonds (SIBs) are an innovative way for organizations to practice Socially Responsible Investing (SRI). Canada joins other jurisdictions like the United Kingdom, the United States and Australia, in investing in SIBs.

 

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Small business corporate tax rate reduction 2018

The government news release announcing the reduction in the small business corporate income tax rate did not address whether there would be corresponding changes to the dividend gross-up or non-eligible dividend tax credit rate.

 

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Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) updates for charities and other not-for-profits

Canada Revenue Agency recently released the following updates which are of interest to charities and other not-for-profits.

 

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Owners of private corporations – be aware

On July 18, 2017, the Department of Finance released its much-anticipated consultation paper, “Tax Planning Using Private Corporations”, announced in the 2017 federal budget (the “consultation paper”). The consultation paper, along with the draft legislation released therewith, contain a number of fundamental changes to the taxation of private corporations and family trusts.

 

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Federal Court of Appeal denies CRA routine access to tax accrual working papers

On March 30, 2017, the Federal Court of Appeal (FCA) released its decision in BP Canada Energy Company v. MNR (2017 FCA 61), dealing with whether the Minister of National Revenue (the Minister) could compel the taxpayer to disclose the uncertain tax positions reflected in its tax accrual working papers (TAWPs).

 

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Forming your start-up: Options for business entities in Canada

There are a variety of business organizations that can be used to operate your tech start-up in Canada. Although many businesses are operated through a corporation, it is important to understand other forms of business organizations.

 

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