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Inside Internal Controls

News and discussion on implementing risk management

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Budgeting and Auditing

Ontario’s first Cap and Trade Auction results

cap trade auction

Ontario held its first Cap and Trade Program Auction of Greenhouse Gas Allowances on March 22, 2017. The auction drew 47 qualified bidders. Of the total number, approximately half are members of the energy industry.

 

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Federal Budget 2017-18: Impact on businesses

federal budget 2017

On March 22, 2017, Canada’s Finance Minister Bill Morneau tabled the Liberal Government’s Federal Budget 2017, Building a Strong Middle Class, which includes various measures affecting businesses. The federal budget 2017 is modest and is focused on skills training, innovation and how Canada will promote sustainable growth. The government is forecasting a deficit of $28.5-billion, […]

 

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Government legal and fiscal measures designed to keep businesses in Quebec

On February 21, 2017, the Quebec government announced a plan to strengthen the Quebec economy as an executive-driven economy. The plan includes the enhancement of existing measures and the development of a number of new fiscal and legal measures designed to keep businesses in Quebec and facilitate the transfer of family businesses, therefore limiting the risk of their sale to foreign interests. The key measures include:

 

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Trump at work, week one

The first week of Trump’s administration has revealed a highly activist White House, hewing with surprising fidelity to campaign promises. The pace of change is materially faster than anticipated and the implications may be felt sooner rather than later.

 

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Substantively enacted corporate income tax rates

corporate income tax rates

Ernst and Young’s tables of substantively enacted corporate income tax rates have been updated to December 31, 2016. The tables are prepared on a monthly basis and you can subscribe to them on Knotia.ca. The determination of the substantively enacted date of a corporate income tax rate change follows the guideline provided in EIC-111 (generally […]

 

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A new front opens in the SOX battle

When potential material weaknesses are discovered during SOX or internal audit testing, my suggestion is to review the issue with the legal function. They can advise the CEO and CFO whether this should be disclosed as part of the Section 302 certification. This new front is clearly starting to open. Don’t let it pull you under.

 

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Deloitte predicts change for Internal Audit

A new report from Deloitte has some interesting conclusions—plus predictable ones. 2016 Global Chief Audit Executive Survey: Internal Audit at a crossroads has some provocative content. Deloitte says there is a choice to be made: “Evolution or irrelevance”.

 

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CRA provision misuse: The right to remain silent

Practically every tax professional in the country has had to deal with the situation which arises when the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) bases its reassessing position on the basis of an oral comment to the CRA. The difficulty is that there is no proof the comment was made or it may have been the result of a misunderstanding between the parties. In our practice we had one instance where a comment by an official of a charity to the CRA served as basis for reassessing over a thousand taxpayers. While the official admitted to having made the comment the fact was that the CRA auditor had misunderstood the context in which it was made.

 

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The pitfalls of unwritten contracts – Part 3

Getting your contracts in writing is half the battle. You must also ensure that your contract says what you want it to say, and says it clearly. The main issue in the following case was the interpretation of an employment agreement.

 

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Whistleblowers: The AMF will not offer any reward

On February 18, 2016, after a thorough and rigorous analysis which included closely monitoring the rewards-based whistleblower programs offered by the U.S. and Ontario, the Autorité des marchés financiers (the AMF) announced that it does not intend to offer financial rewards to whistleblowers. Instead, the AMF wishes to promote a whistleblower program that builds on existing measures.

 

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The pitfalls of unwritten contracts – Part 1

This is not to suggest that written contracts provide perfect inoculation against lawsuits—litigants often misunderstand the obvious; written information may be open to multiple interpretations; and people sue even when they have no case. Two important considerations when making an agreement that you wish to be legally binding and enforceable in a court of law, are:

 

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An expanded Canada Pension Plan (and a very questionable future for the Ontario Retirement Pension Plan)

The Ontario Retirement Pension Plan (ORPP) seemed like a sure thing—until it wasn’t. On June 20, 2016, Bill Morneau, the federal Minister of Finance, and eight of ten provincial finance ministers did what many to this point thought was impossible: reach an agreement in principle to expand the Canada Pension Plan (CPP).

 

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Prepare for harmonized sales tax (HST) rate changes

HST rates are set to increase in three provinces. Businesses based in, or doing business with these provinces should prepare for the changes.

 

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Internal audit: Essential to minimizing risk

Managing risk in today’s business environment has become a far more complex process than it ever has been. This can be attributed to a number of factors, such as increased government regulation and cyber-based issues. Other factors include uncertain political and economic situations that can arise, sustainable development and environmental concerns. These issues can have a substantial impact on small, medium and large organizations.

 

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