Budgeting and Auditing
The first week of Trump’s administration has revealed a highly activist White House, hewing with surprising fidelity to campaign promises. The pace of change is materially faster than anticipated and the implications may be felt sooner rather than later.
Ernst and Young’s tables of substantively enacted corporate income tax rates have been updated to December 31, 2016. The tables are prepared on a monthly basis and you can subscribe to them on Knotia.ca. The determination of the substantively enacted date of a corporate income tax rate change follows the guideline provided in EIC-111 (generally […]
If someone asked you “where” your cloud storage is, would you know the answer? The “cloud” is the common term used when data is stored remotely but yet accessible (to your multiple devices) through the internet. Given that the data is now ‘remote’ we often receive questions from clients as to whether keeping books and records in this way meets their obligation under the Income Tax Act.
When potential material weaknesses are discovered during SOX or internal audit testing, my suggestion is to review the issue with the legal function. They can advise the CEO and CFO whether this should be disclosed as part of the Section 302 certification. This new front is clearly starting to open. Don’t let it pull you under.
A new report from Deloitte has some interesting conclusions—plus predictable ones. 2016 Global Chief Audit Executive Survey: Internal Audit at a crossroads has some provocative content. Deloitte says there is a choice to be made: “Evolution or irrelevance”.
Practically every tax professional in the country has had to deal with the situation which arises when the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) bases its reassessing position on the basis of an oral comment to the CRA. The difficulty is that there is no proof the comment was made or it may have been the result of a misunderstanding between the parties. In our practice we had one instance where a comment by an official of a charity to the CRA served as basis for reassessing over a thousand taxpayers. While the official admitted to having made the comment the fact was that the CRA auditor had misunderstood the context in which it was made.
Getting your contracts in writing is half the battle. You must also ensure that your contract says what you want it to say, and says it clearly. The main issue in the following case was the interpretation of an employment agreement.
On February 18, 2016, after a thorough and rigorous analysis which included closely monitoring the rewards-based whistleblower programs offered by the U.S. and Ontario, the Autorité des marchés financiers (the AMF) announced that it does not intend to offer financial rewards to whistleblowers. Instead, the AMF wishes to promote a whistleblower program that builds on existing measures.
This is not to suggest that written contracts provide perfect inoculation against lawsuits—litigants often misunderstand the obvious; written information may be open to multiple interpretations; and people sue even when they have no case. Two important considerations when making an agreement that you wish to be legally binding and enforceable in a court of law, are:
An expanded Canada Pension Plan (and a very questionable future for the Ontario Retirement Pension Plan)
The Ontario Retirement Pension Plan (ORPP) seemed like a sure thing—until it wasn’t. On June 20, 2016, Bill Morneau, the federal Minister of Finance, and eight of ten provincial finance ministers did what many to this point thought was impossible: reach an agreement in principle to expand the Canada Pension Plan (CPP).
HST rates are set to increase in three provinces. Businesses based in, or doing business with these provinces should prepare for the changes.
Managing risk in today’s business environment has become a far more complex process than it ever has been. This can be attributed to a number of factors, such as increased government regulation and cyber-based issues. Other factors include uncertain political and economic situations that can arise, sustainable development and environmental concerns. These issues can have a substantial impact on small, medium and large organizations.
Throughout the last few months a number of provinces and territories have released their Budgets for the year 2016. The following is a brief overview of each of those Budgets released to date.
Who takes risk? The correct answer is ‘everybody’; everybody who makes a decision and everybody who acts. Every decision and action creates or modifies risk and has the potential to influence the achievement of objectives. Whether it is deciding to go through with an acquisition or to hire this candidate instead of an alternative, risk is being taken.
Every time you breathe, you are taking a risk – but usually, the potential for harm is greater if you don’t breathe. (There are exceptions, such as when your head is under water without a breathing mask.) Every time you make a decision, you are taking a risk – creating or modifying the level of a risk. So we are taking risk all the time, in pretty much every facet of our personal and professional lives.
But, I think we all know that when faced with the same situation, some will act one way and others another way.