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Inside Internal Controls

News and discussion on implementing risk management

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Sales, Marketing and Operations

Costco reports a material weakness in internal control. But is it really?

In an Oct. 4th news release, Costco Wholesale announced its operating results for the 4th quarter and full year expecting to report a material weakness in internal control.

 

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The basics of risk management

I want to congratulate David Hillson (a.k.a. the Risk Doctor) for his video explaining his view of risk management basics. In Risk management basics: What exactly is it?, he takes less than five minutes to sum up risk management with six questions:

 

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Ontario court declines to order franchisees to pay royalties

In a recent Ontario case, the Justice was faced with a claim by a franchisor against seven of its 11 franchisees who had ceased paying royalties and marketing fund contributions to their franchisor.

 

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Integrated Project Delivery model in Canada: What you need to know

Before the end of 2018 the Canadian Construction Documents Committee (CCDC) is expected to publish a standard form contract for a relatively new project delivery model called Integrated Project Delivery (IPD).

 

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Frequently asked questions regarding cannabis promotional materials

Many licensed producers are curious about how they can promote their product and their brand now that the Cannabis Act is in force. When preparing any materials that will be provided to registered clients, potential consumers or health care practitioners, we suggest licensed producers ensure they are familiar with the legislative environment applicable to promotional materials.

 

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Talking about risk and opportunity

Some talk about opportunity as “the other side of the coin” from risk. COSO views the two words, risk and opportunity, as one is good and the other is bad. ISO seems them differently, defining risk as the effect on objectives. That effect could be positive or harmful.

 

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Ontario court applies statutory definition of franchise

In Fyfe v. Stephens, 2018 ONSC 5066 (“Fyfe”), the Ontario Superior Court of Justice found that the relationship between two parties was a franchise relationship, even though the agreement at issue expressly disclaimed a franchise relationship.

 

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Manitoba court finds that distribution arrangement is not a franchise

In Diduck v. Simpson, 2018 MBQB 76 (“Diduck”), the Manitoba Court of Queen’s Bench reviewed a distribution agreement and found that it failed to meet the test for a “franchise” under Manitoba’s Franchises Act, C.C.S.M. c. F156.

 

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What constitutes a MAC in an M&A deal?

On October 1, 2018, the Delaware Court of Chancery released its decision in Akorn, Inc. v. Fresenius Kabi AG, finding for the first time that a buyer had properly terminated a public company merger agreement based on the occurrence of a “material adverse effect” (sometimes also referred to as a “material adverse change,” “MAC” or “MAE”).

 

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Contractual terms by convention: When parties fail to explicitly set contractual terms

One of the frequent issues encountered in contractual litigation is parties failing to negotiate and set to writing the contractual obligations that exist between them. So long as the parties are getting along and no questions are raised about anyone’s obligations, the lack of written contractual terms may not be an issue and convention will general dictate the parties’ interactions.

 

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Robust information about purchasers/assignees may be required before contracts will be assigned under the CCAA

In Dundee Oil and Gas Limited (Re), 2018 ONSC 3678, Justice Dunphy provided some important guidance on information that should be provided to the court in support of a motion for an order assigning contracts pursuant to section 11.3 of the Companies’ Creditors Arrangement Act, RSC 1985, c. C-36.

 

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Contracts of purchase and sale: Removing subjects

Most people familiar with the purchase and sale of real property are familiar with subject to clauses, the full legal significance of such clauses can be a source of confusion. The misunderstanding of the legal meaning of subject to clauses was at the heart of the litigation in Dhaliwal v Binepal.

 

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Ontario court declines to enjoin termination of franchise agreement

In the recent decision Azmoon Trading Inc. v. Caffe Demetre Franchising Corp., 2018 ONSC 2868 (“Azmoon”), the Ontario Superior Court of Justice dismissed a Franchisee’s motion for injunctive relief prohibiting the Franchisor from terminating the franchise agreement (the “Agreement”).

 

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Learn from British Airways’ security breach reporting and notification

British Airways’ experience described in this article underscores that cybersecurity is important, and Canadian entities preparing for mandatory security breach reporting and notification coming into force soon can take lessons from British Airways’ response to a security breach.

 

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Cannabis regulations: Health Canada’s solution to support the Cannabis Act

The Cannabis Act will provide a comprehensive national framework for restricted access to regulated cannabis and control its production, distribution, sale, importation, exportation and possession. Within that framework, new sets of regulations were published on July 11, 2018, that spell out the rules and standards for authorized cannabis production, distribution, sale, importation and exportation among other things.

 

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