Intellectual Property, IP
In Canada, the issue of whether an NDA may be an unenforceable restraint of trade has been explored in the employment law context, however, there has been very little discussion as to whether an NDA could be considered a restraint of trade in transactions between two or more businesses. There has also been little discussion in Canada as to the distinction between trade secrets and ordinary confidential information. As such, US case law may provide some guidance.
The Federal Court granted an interlocutory injunction restraining Sears from using the slogan “There is no reason to buy a mattress anywhere else”. Sleep Country owns two Canadian trademark registrations for the slogan “Why buy a mattress anywhere else?”. The slogan, and its accompanying musical jingle, have been used by Sleep Country in television, print, radio, and online advertising and promotional campaigns since 1994.
In Apotex Inc. v Astrazeneca Canada Inc., 2017 FCA 9, the Court of Appeal had to interpret section 39 of the Federal Courts Act in order to determine the appropriate limitation period for those patents that issued before a six–year limitation period was established by section 55.01 of the Patent Act in 1993.
Changes are coming swiftly, as the federal government moves to implement the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement just days after it was signed by Prime Minister Trudeau in Brussels at the end of October 2016. These changes will significantly impact biologic/pharma patents in two major ways.
I believe software is essential in managing user access risk, not only for SOX but also for other business risks. In fact, the potential harm from inappropriate access is typically greater for other business risk (such as the possibility of disruption of activities such as revenue generation or manufacturing, reputation risk, and the protection of valuable intellectual property) than it is for SOX.
Many people feel that New Year’s resolutions are passé, particularly since so many resolutions go unachieved each year. But, a resolution is essentially a plan to tackle something of importance, and planning is often half the battle. The following are 4 resolutions that can help strengthen charities and other not–for–profits in 2017.
On March 31, 2016, the Competition Bureau released revised Intellectual Property Enforcement Guidelines (IPEGs). These IPEGs reflect incremental changes to the draft version released for consultation last year. Most notably the new IPEGs provide further guidance on (i) pharmaceutical patent litigation settlements, (ii) product switching (also known as “product hopping”), (iii) collaborative standard setting and standard essential patents, and (iv) patent assertion entities.
Businesses marketing to Canadians may be surprised at the number and scope of laws that may impact marketing efforts. Previous Releases provided updated coverage of some of these laws, including privacy and anti-spam laws. This Release updates Policy OP 6.12 – Do Not Call Registry, which includes coverage of the Unsolicited Telecommunications Rules that govern telemarketing activities. Listed below are 7 of the many considerations that businesses marketing to Canadians must consider. Some will be explored in detail in upcoming Releases:
Recent hacker attacks — including the first successful attack on an Apple computer, and several attacks on U.S. and Canadian hospitals — have reminded Canadian businesses of the need to be vigilant about the danger posed by ransomware.